The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the job outlook for estheticians is very favorable, with an expected growth of 38% between 2008 and 2018.
Specifically, Estheticians keep skin healthy through skin care and cosmetic treatments. They perform skin treatment and cleansing procedures. This work includes waxing, massages, hair removal, light therapy and facials.
Estheticians are also skilled at selecting and applying makeup for clients to enhance features and hide skin issues.
Today's estheticians can be found in resorts, day spas, salons, department stores, and medical spas, working along side plastic surgeons and dermatologists. Estheticians may be self-employed, too.
Skin care professionals enjoy unlimited income potential, job security, and flexible hours, and this growing industry needs more salon professionals than can be supplied.
A brief history of skin care practices from earlier cultures and changes made in skin care and grooming will be discussed. Career options available to licensed estheticians will be reviewed. The elements on how to be a professional esthetician will be covered. Topics include how to project a professional image, conduct a successful client consultation, promote effective communications and build and maintain relationships with coworkers and business managers.
Infection control will be taught. The types and classifications of infections will be reviewed. Different types of disinfectants and how they are used as well as the differences between sterilization, disinfectants, and sanitation will be covered.
Identification of the
different types of tissues found in the body and the eleven main body systems
will be covered.
Acid, alkaline, and PH affects to the skin and the differences between solutions, suspensions and emissions will be taught.
Electrical equipment safety and electrotherapy will be covered.
The basics of
nutrition, the relationship between nutrition and skin and nutrition
recommendations will complete this section of study.
The study of skin includes functions of the skin, layers of the skin and anatomy of the skin. Collagen and elasticity will be defined. Topics covered include sun damage and prevention of how the skin ages, radical damage and the effects of hormones on the skin.
Common skin conditions
and disorders will be taught. An
explanation of the different types of skin lesions will be covered as well as
knowing which disorders need to be referred to a physician.
Students will become familiar with and be able to explain the causes of
skin conditions and understand how UV rays interacts with skin.
Healthy habits for the skin and awareness of treatment contraindications
will be taught. The student
will become familiar with how to conduct client consultations, complete a skin
analysis and fill out skin analysis charts.
The treatment room, where services are performed, requires necessary components to create a professional atmosphere. This includes the preparation, and use of equipment and products for facials.
Areas that will be
reviewed in performing a basic facial treatment include choosing the facial
products, the facial treatment philosophies and methods,
step by step facial treatment and sanitation procedures.
Facial massage and the benefit of massage, contraindications for performing massage and different types of massage movements and massage techniques will be taught.
Hair removal covers
morphology of the hair, hair growth cycle, characteristics
and differences in hair growth.
Advanced, topics and
treatments taught include skin peels, microdermabrasion, laser technology, light
therapy, micro current machines, ultrasound and ultrasonic technology, spa body
treatments, manual lymph drainage, cellulite, and medical esthetics.
All aspects including the use of makeup is a part of the studies. In addition, artificial eyelashes, lash and brow tinting will be taught.
Esthetics is a caring, nurturing profession that helps others to feel positive about their appearance. There are many facets of esthetics to consider in planning a career like how to make clients aware of new treatment programs, investigating new products and techniques, promoting retail sales, and participating in sales events or promotional activities.
Over the past several decades, the beauty business has grown tremendously to become an important industry that has moved beyond traditional hair and nail care to include total body services. From this new perspective, professional skin care has emerged from what traditionally has been a minor role in the U.S. beauty market to become the focus of many business opportunities.